Windrow Compost Turners

Composting has proven to be an effective method of recycling organic wastages into a gem fertilizer. Agriculture defines the technique as piling of wastes that are biodegradable in windrows. The windrows appear as long rows. While the procedure goes on, you have to keep turning the mixture to speed up the reaction rate. It can be executed either manually or with the help of a windrow composting machine.

With such an application, the method is ideal for sites with a massive amount of organic wastes. In the case of small scale projects, it is a waste of resources. The capacity of production is dependable on the length and height of the rows. You can either shorten or elongate them to suit the kind of needs that you could be having. However, it is vital to ensure the rows are not too low since it could take up too much space. If it is too high, you could face challenges when trying to turn the compost uniformly; hence, the ideal height is around 4 to 7 feet, with the width being 14 to 16 ft.

Although turning the windrow yourself is quite economical, it is also time-consuming, and the results can be contrary. Therefore, experts always advise that you use the windrow compost turners for the achievement of better results. Technology has provided a couple of machines to aid in this task. The basic designs can straddle a windrow of 1.25 meters high and a width of 3.5 meters. Below are some of the commonly used models that offer exceptional output.

Hydraulic Windrow Compost Turner.

The hydraulic device has proven to be efficient since it lets the operator have an easy time turning the windrows efficiently. The turning parts get driven by a hydraulic system, thus the name. It works by turning the compost uniformly to achieve the desired state of the end product. Investing in it is economical since it is versatile to work with different types of organic fertilizers. Some of these include wrapping materials, dense materials, and, lastly, loose materials. At the end of the performance, you can achieve low energy consumption operations effected within a short period. Also, its structure allows for maintenance, and in case if malfunctions, you can get spare parts. Its method of operations is environmentally friendly. The machine comes in different variations, but the principle of operations is similar.

Self-Propelled Compost Turner.

A self-propelled compost turner is a device that employs the use of aerobic fermentation to ensure the achievement of quality organic composting. The fermentation makes use of oxygen, which is the accelerator of microbial activities. It comes in three models, moving, forklift and crawler. The choice that you prefer has to align with the capacity of production and your financial capability. You can also get it in varying sizes. The wide range of options ensures there is a model for every unique need available in the market.

If you want to achieve better results, you must turn the windrows regularly. An in-depth understanding of your needs will guide you in selecting an efficient machine.

Fertilizer Equipment Manufactor: https://fertilizerplantequiment.com/

How To Select A Compost Turner For Rapid Composting?

A compost turner is a very unique device that is able to take organic material and convert it rapidly into compost. This is something that has been used for many decades. As modern advancements continue to progress, this ability is becoming much easier and faster. Used by individuals, small composting businesses, and large fertilizer making companies, it is something that is very important for agriculture today. If you want to choose a compost turner for rapid composting, here is how you can find one quickly.

An Overview Of Composting Machines

The process of composting organic material has been around for hundreds of years. It was likely used at the origin of large and small-scale farming. Farmers realize that they could simply produce this material which would help their crops grow much more efficiently. In our modern times, technology has made it possible to automate this process.

How Do Composting Machines Work?

Most composting machines are designed with a large drum. This is where the composting material will be placed. As it turns, the air in the compost will activate enzymes that will help break everything down. Combined with the heat that will be naturally produced from this process, and the heat outside, the process can be accelerated rapidly. This is much more efficient than simply placing all of your compost in a pile that never moves and is not covered. Just make sure that the temperature inside of the drum remains that 65°C or less so that the microorganisms can do their job.

How Do The Rapid Compost Turners Work?

When you are working with a rapid compost machine, it starts with the organic material. The rapid compost turner not only mixes the organic waste, but will also crush it, accelerating the entire process. This also allows for the fertilizer to go through a granulation process. This means that larger drums can be used to produce the compost daily. In fact, many can produce compost in a matter of hours that can be used on gardens and farms regularly.

How To Find An Affordable Rapid Compost Turner?

Most of the businesses that sell them will advertise in papers and on the web. It is astounding how many companies are making them today. There are quite a few businesses that sell many different sizes of these units which individuals and companies purchase. They often have sales, allowing you to save what could be hundreds of dollars on your purchase. By making sure that the business is legitimate, and produces some of the best ones, you will get access to a fantastic unit and an affordable price.

If you have not found a rapid compost turner at an affordable price yet, keep searching online. This is where most of the advertisements can be found. You can also choose experienced fertilizer equipment factory, such as ShunXin Fertilizer Machinery in China. They have 15 years experience in making fertilizer machines. Their equipment is also with high performance and low price.

How to Choose a Disc Granulator Factory?

Choosing the right disc granulator factory might be a daunting task because there are so many factories making disc granulators. A good disc granulator factory has good customer support, several years of expertise, and a strong reputation. Developing a good relationship with all the right disc granulator factor will help you expand your business.

Disc Pan Granulator for Organic Fertilizer Granulation
Disc Pan Granulator for Organic Fertilizer Granulation

Continue reading to understand how to purchase a disc granulator factory.

Experience and knowledge

Select a knowledgeable and experienced disc granulator factory. The knowledgeable factory will answer your questions. And this will direct you from the pan granulation process. Additionally, it gives you advice. Inexperienced factories may well not answer your questions as they are still new in the business.

Disc Pan Organic Fertilizer Granulation Production Line
Disc Pan Organic Fertilizer Granulation Production Line

How to Choose a Disc Granulator Factory?

Many factories make different products. They generally do not give attention to one product. When you can get a factory that is focused on making disc granulators, choose that factory. This is because the factory definitely makes the best disc granulators. After all, it understands the industry. Plus it does whatever it takes to create quality disc granulators.

Reputation

Is it possible to trust the factory? Reputable factories are not just trustworthy. They also assist big companies and brands. To find out the standing of these factories, read their customer reviews and look their complaints. Reputable factories have good testimonials plus they rarely get complaints. Choose a reputable factory.

Take a look at their Disc Granulators

The ideal factories happen to be making disc granulators for quite a while. So, they already have different disc granulators available on the market. To choose the right factory, examine their disc granulators. You can even speak with people, who definitely have used their disc granulators, before making your choice. Go with a factory that makes high-quality disc granulators.

How to Choose a Disc Granulator Factory?

A lot of people avoid local disc granulator factories because they do not trust they may make high-quality disc granulators. It is actually much cheaper in the first place local factories. You simply will not only get the chance to visit their premises. Furthermore you will obtain a feel in their production methods. And you may have regular connection with their employees.

How Large could be the Facility?

The ideal disc granulator factories have several employees and they have a big facility. Simply because they are in the business of manufacturing for many years. It really is easier to cope with these factories simply because they learn how to take care of their clientele. And they focus on making the very best disc granulators. However, it is hard to manage small factories since they are still new in the market of manufacturing.

Require Reference

Also, the best disc granulator factories will not be afraid to offer you their customer references. Speaking with their previous or current customers gives you advisable of what exactly it is like to work alongside the factory. However, tend not to depend upon customer references because many factories provides you with the contact info of the best customers.

In summary, selecting the best disc granulator factory lacks to become difficult. Should you be ready to do some research, you will find the right factory. An excellent factory features a big facility, good customer support, good customer references, a few years of experience, and a good reputation. Go to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/pan-granulation-process/ get detailed info on disc granulator working performance in the fertilizer granualation process.

What Role Does A Fertilizer Crusher Play In The Fertilizer Production Line?

A fertilizer crusher is among those investments people don’t think about when they are checking out the available choices looking at them. They try to choose something which will add value to their production line and that is certainly when the notion of a fertilizer crusher enters into the equation.

Fertilizer Crusher
Fertilizer Crusher

Listed here are the main reasons to complement a fertilizer crusher and why it is a must for your production line. Without having this the sleeve, the outcome aren’t going to be as you would like and that will hold you back across the long-term.

Begin with a fertilizer crusher straight away and here is why.

Increased Crushing of Organic Waste

It commences with the typical reason for a fertilizer crusher, which is to handle organic waste. When organic waste is headed throughout the production line, it will be in their original state, which isn’t something you want to cope with. Because of this, you will require a specialized machine that can manage the organic waste and be sure it is crushed as intended.

Chain Type Fertilizer Crusher
Chain Type Fertilizer Crusher
Straw Crusher
Straw Crusher

Consequently, designers took time to manufacture the fertilizer crusher because it simplifies this process and speeds things up immediately. This enables the development line to advance along at the reasonable speed which is in step with modern business goals.

Improved Composting

Composting may be the goal and that is certainly how you get to make time to understand value of an effective fertilizer crusher. It will be a piece of equipment which is a game-changer for your personal setup and will probably continue to power amazing results the moment it is placed. You might know it continue to be effective well and will be a major addition to your general production line. The crushing is going to be done no matter the waste that may be coming through.

Streamlined Results

One of the many responsibilities of a fertilizer crusher is to be certain the outcomes are streamlined. Otherwise, the organic waste that is being pushed through won’t get to the state it needs to be in. It is a concern a lot of people have if they are trying to analyze what a fertilizer blending equipment can perform with regard to their setup and why it’s such an advantageous investment moving forward. The goal remains to go with something which is fully consistent using what the operation needs and it starts with the fertilizer crusher all set.

These are the main benefits that come along with a modern fertilizer crusher when it is put into a fertilizer production line. It is probably the best investments an individual can make with regards to their overall setup and ensuring it is actually heading within the right direction. The fertilizer crusher will almost certainly speed things up straight away and will push the organic waste for the desired state faster than ever before. This is certainly essential for individuals who desire to make certain they are trending in the right direction. Interested in buying a fertilizer crusher, welcome to https://fertilizerequipmentmanufacturer.com/fertilizer-crusher/

The Delicate Design Of A Rotary Granulator For Efficient Granulating

There are many reasons to go with a rotary granulator and one of them has to do with the underlying design elements. You are going to be adding a unique tool to your machinery when you go down this path.

A lot of businesses have to optimize their granulating operations, which means they have to start with a rotary granulator.

Let’s take a look at what the rotary fertilizer granulator is all about and why it is one of the most important investments a facility can make as they try to piece things together.

Stainless Steel Design

It begins with the stainless steel design as that is going to be on the top of your mind. If the goal is to make sure the granulating is happening as you want it to then it is time to look at buying a new rotary granulator. The delicate nature of this machine is seen due to its outer layer. It is a rugged setup that is going to handle your needs right away.

Set up the rotary granulator and let it run in the background while handling the fertilization process. The whole fertilizer production line is going to be ten times faster with the help of a rotary granulator.

high output fertilizer granulation equipment
high output fertilizer granulation equipment

Rubber Plate Lining

The lining is one of the main parts of the rotary drum type granulator and what makes it impressive. It is one of those details that go unnoticed until the rotary granulator starts to move and go through the organic waste. The granulation process goes ahead smoothly as long as the lining holds up. As a result, the rubber plate lining is made to withstand a tremendous amount of pressure at different temperatures. This allows the organic waste to continue to process through without missing a beat. This is the real power of a great rotary granulator.

Cooling and Heating Mechanisms

It’s all about working with different temperatures when it comes to the overall process. This is something a lot of operations don’t focus on but it is a big part of the granulating process. With a high-grade rotating drum fertilizer granulator, you get to take advantage of this right away. It can be a game-changer for anyone that is serious about granulating the right way and wants to see serious results. The quality is going to be apparent and that is why this is one of those intriguing investments businesses look to make as soon as they can.

The rotary granulator is a wonderful option because it works like a charm. It’s all about the overall design and making sure there’s value in what you are getting as soon as it is set up. The quality stands out for those serious about what they are using for granulating. The delicate nature of the process and how organic waste has to be managed means it’s always going to come down to the rotary granulator. This is one of the more powerful solutions to have by your side when it is time to figure things out and optimize your granulating.

What Is the Best Equipment to Pulverize Composted Poultry Litter?

Poultry manure contains a variety of nutrient elements that are not directly available for crops or plants. You need to make it into organic matter so that the nutrients become absorbable. And for that, composting is necessary. Poultry litter composting involves microorganisms digesting the manure and producing humic substances. But composting poultry litter is not the same as composting horse or cow manure. You need a pulverizing machine to accelerate the composting process.

How pulverizing equipment works?

A poultry litter pulverizing machine can process manure with moisture content between 25 and 55%. Unlike horse manure where you need to set up a compost pile, a manure pulverizing machine follows a mechanical process to deliver topsoil fertilizers. It crushes the litter thoroughly so that there is no trouble aerating it once the entire content goes inside the equipment.

The pulverizer crushes the poultry litter material into a fine powder. It then goes through the fertilizer production line, gets sprayed with water, and then into the composting chamber. The pre-heated chamber quickly decomposes the manure within a few hours and makes the fertilizer ready.

Manure fertilizer pulverizing equipment
Manure fertilizer pulverizing equipment

Types of poultry litter composting equipment for processing the pulverized manure

There are three machines suitable for composting poultry manure. These machines contain a fermentation groove with two or three walls that offer heat preservation for quick decomposition.

1. Groove type compost turner

This type of machine uses a control cabinet to automatically finish turning compost. Remember, the manure will already be in powdered form. Therefore, you don’t need to crush it separately or manually. The equipment also contains a stirring apparatus with a hydraulic drive that improves the efficiency of composting. The advanced versions of this machine come with double-groove compost turners. They are ideal for large scale poultry litter composting.

2. Wheel type compost turner

Stirring the manure evenly is essential for any type of litter. Whether it is horse manure or poultry litter, stirring provides much-needed aeration to the compost so that the essential bacteria can work quickly. In a wheel type compost turner, the stirring wheel turns the manure thoroughly. With 25 to 55% moisture present in the poultry litter, twisting and turning the manure shortens the composting period. Moreover, with temperature adjusting systems available, you can increase the heat slightly to make the composting chamber humid. This will enable the bacteria to decompose the litter quickly.

3. Chain plate type compost turner

This type of machine is ideal for deep-groove operation. If you want to produce fertilizers in massive quantities, you should use a chain plate type compost turner. But unlike other machines, this once doesn’t come with a compost chamber. It has a designated area where you need to dump the poultry litter. The machine will provide appropriate oxygen and temperature to make full fermentation and produce high-quality organic fertilizer in next to no time.

With three machines readily available to compost poultry litter, you shouldn’t waste the daily manure delivered by your cattle. Make manure while the temperature is appropriate. Meanwhile, with a manure compost grinding machine, the composted organic poultry manure will be finer. And then sell them to local farmers so that they don’t use artificial fertilizers.

Where can you apply a double roller granulator machine?

When it comes to the double roller granulator, it is widely used within the fertilizer industry. And there are a series of different benefits which can come from using this particular piece of equipment. Our article features some more information about the double roller granulator.

In essence, these machines are simply used as a key component during the fertilizer granulation process. However, due to the state-of-the-art design, these granulators are now being much more compact than before. And the materials used for processing are granulated at your typical room temperature. Due to the nature of the process, there is no drying of processed materials ever.

Hence, the overall operating cost is reduced and the amount of energy consumed is also reduced. And with a simple relatively small investment, there are pretty large profits to be made and the results of that are also fast. As a result, this particular machine is actually getting so much attention that larger investors are even reaping the true benefits of it. And the final product can be either low, medium or high concentrations.

As we’ve said before, there are several advantages which are gained. The following are the main advantages of the double roller granulator:
*Reasonable Structure – Due to the design, the double roller granulator is highly compacted. And it is also light when it comes to the granules weight. The machine also allows a steady rotation while combining stiffness and precision. Hence, the machine is known for being able to support a series of different sized materials.
*Wider Application Scope – The industry currently sees over 20 types of materials which are being widely used in the extrusion granulation. These include ammonium nitrate, urea, bentonite, potassium chloride. And it has been said to be able to even replace the overall flexibility of the product with specialised granulation tech.
*Raw Materials Can Be Converted Into Granules During A Session – The granulating ratio of the machine is over 85%. Due to this, the product is easily processed and the double roller presses the granules.
*Environmentally Friendly – The motor used within the double roller is extremely reliable and there is literally no waste going to the environment.
*Lower Energy Consumption – Since there is no drying required, no oil or gas is used. Hence investors can see profitable returns all with a low investment.

When it comes to the operating process, dry materials are simply compressed into blocks as a result of the pressure applied. The blocks of materials are then crushed, screened and of course granulated. Extrusion is applied where the air is squeezed from the particles. The particles are simply formed because of the attractiveness of the molecules involved.

As we conclude, we have just looked at the double roller granulator. These machines are used specifically within the fertilizer industry and were designed especially for that purpose. In addition, they can bring a pretty decent investment for investors who are interested!

What Do You Need To Prepare For Establishing A Fertilizer Pellet Production Line?

A fertilizer production line is a process of turning organic waste such as cattle or poultry manure into fertilizer. In general, the complete fertilizer making process includes a compost turner, a crusher, mixer, granulator, screening machine, a drying-and-cooling machine, and bagging equipment. To produce superior fertilizer pellets, it is also possible to implement a fertilizer coating-machine.

The fertilizer production line is the ideal choice to process vermicompost, cow dung, and chicken manure into fertilizer. This method not only provides a solution to get rid of excess waste but also offers a way to make money off the end product.

The Manufacturing Process For Granular Fertilizer

The production line for granular fertilizers is more complex when compared to manufacturing powder fertilizers. The complete manufacturing process for producing granular fertilizers involves three phases.

The first step involves the pre-treating process, which requires a turning machine, and a crusher and mixer. The second phase of the process includes the granulator and the drying-and-cooling machine. The last stage includes a screening machine and bagging equipment.

How To Make Fertilizer Pellets With A Fertilizer Production Line

1. Fermentation Process

Fermentation is the initial process used in the production line. Fermentation is necessary for organic waste to eliminate diseases and pests. In addition, fully fermented organic matter makes it easier for crops and plants to absorb the nutrients present in the organic manure. This part of the process involves the compost turner which takes around 2 weeks to complete.

2. Crushing Process

The crushing equipment used for fertilizer plays an important role when it comes to the overall production process. This machine is able to crush manure before the fermentation process. The crushing machine is also used to break up the materials that are already fermented preparing the raw materials for the granulator.

3. Mixing Process

The function of this part of the production line is to mix the raw materials in preparation for the pelletizing process. The mixers are available in either a horizontal mixer or a disc mixer.

4. Granulating Process

This is the second primary process in the fertilizer granules production line. During these procedures, a conveyor is used to transport the raw materials which are now in a powdered form into a pelletizing machine for granulating.

5. Pellet Screening Process

To ensure that your customers only receive the highest-quality fertilizer, it is a wise choice to invest in a fertilizer-screener for your production plant. This machinery will assist with screening out unqualified products.

6. Pellet Packing Process

The last stage in the production line to produce fertilizer pellets includes packing the pellets into bags. The bagging equipment currently available through a number of manufacturers allows you to bag your fertilizer into different sized bags. These include 5kg, 15kg, 25kg and more.

Organic fertilizers are rich in peptides, organic acid, potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen. For this reason, organic animal waste such as manure is one of the best ways to provide nutrition to plants and crops. It is also the solution to get rid of animal waste that is known for attracting diseases and pests.

Learning How To Use A Chicken Manure Pellet Machine For Recycling

If you’d like to make use of your chicken litter, it would be a wise choice for you to use chicken dung to make organic fertilizer. Chicken dung contains essential materials needed for making organic fertilizer. What’s more, it consists of the richest organic matter compared to other manure, including cow dung, pig dung, etc. Due to varying production requirements, there are different kinds of chicken manure pellet machine that you can choose.

The chicken manure pelletizer is specially made to convert your chicken manure into tiny organic fertilizer granules. With the help of this equipment, you can easily get rid of the available chicken litter while maintaining high economic efficiency. In case you have a large volume of chicken waste, recycling these chicken wastes by converting them into fertilizer would be a smart choice. Typically, due to the high moisture content found in chicken waste materials, this piece of equipment applies wet granulation technology.

How Can You Use a chicken Manure Pellet Machine for your Chicken Waste Recycling?

Since there are different kinds of chicken manure pelletizers, they adopt varying working principles. For example, how do you use a disc-shaped chicken litter granulator machine to make pellets?

– Insert chicken litter powder materials into your pan pellet making from its top. You can watch the chicken dung rotating in the disc.
– The disc has a sprinkler, which you can use to spray some liquid if you would like to add biological bacterium
– In case you think that the granulating effects are not as satisfying as you want them to be, you can adjust the disk’s tilt angle.
– The pelleted chicken manure will then be collected from the outlet

What Materials Should You Prepare to Make Better Chicken Manure Granules?

Before you can use chicken poo as raw materials for the granulating process, there are a few things you should do to make the pelletizing process better. These include:

– Make sure that the chicken manure materials maintain low moisture content. When it is fresh, the chicken poo is high in moisture content. If you feed this fresh dung into the chicken manure pellet equipment, it will be ruined. Therefore, you must dewater the fresh chicken poo before feeding it into the machine.

– The chicken dung should not have much environmentally unfriendly elements if you want to make better organic fertilizer. The fresh chicken manure contains a lot of harmful bacteria. Therefore, it is a wise idea to ferment the chicken dung first. Once you ferment the chicken manure properly, it will be better to use in making fertilizer. For fermentation, there are a few types of machines that you can choose. You can either choose to use a fermenter to achieve aerobic fermentation or both chicken litter fertilizer making machines.

– It is more appropriate that you feed powdery chicken dung into the chicken manure granulators. You will have to make chicken dung powder since the granulator deals with making the powder into pellet. Still, there are several powdery organic chicken manure making machines available for you to choose.

How A Rotary Granulator Is Useful In Large-Scale Fertilizer Production?

A rotary granulator is a uniquely designed machine which can crush materials into specific shapes. If you’re dealing with large-scale production of hot, cold granulation and low and high concentration complex fertilizer, a rotary granulator is the most suitable piece of equipment for the project. What’s more, aside from producing compound fertilizers, a rotary wet granulator can also produce organic fertilizer.

Although it’s one of the fundamental facilities you need for large-scale production of compound fertilizer, you can also equip it with other machines to form a full compound fertilizers production line. Some of these inclusive facilities include screeners, batching machines, blender, etc.

Rotary Granulator and Large-scale Production

A rotary drum granulator beats some of the defects seen in other machines, such as low strength of final granules, low production, etc. When making compound fertilizer with such equipment, it’s much easier for you to add more stem in, unlike other machines. In comparison to a pan compound fertilizer granulator, a drum pelletizer is much suitable for large-scale production since it can achieve high output, up to 30 ton per hour. With such high-output, it can lead to more economic efficiency to your specific fertilizer plant. What’s more, its operation doesn’t require too much labor force.

Large scale compound fertilizer pelletizer
Large scale compound fertilizer pelletizer

How Does the Rotary Granulator Work?

The rotating pelletizer makes pellets using the centrifugal force that rotates the cylinder. With time, the powders will combine and form pellets. The granulator contains various components. The main motor drives the belt and the pulley.

The materials are forced into the drive shaft via the reducer. Meanwhile, the open gear which is attached to the drive shaft works side by side with the large gear ring. The large gear ring is attached to the body of the machine. Since the cylinder’s interior has a special structure, the materials can effectively form particles, which are finally discharged via the outlet.

A rotary wet granulator makes use of the wet granulation technique. With a specific amount of steam or water, chemical reactions will take place in the cylinder. The cylinder will rotate in such a way that it squeezes all the materials inside. Eventually, the materials will form pellets under a specific and regulated liquid condition. Generally, most of the organic fertilizer granulation machines are wet granulation machines. This drum type granulation machine is also suitable for making organic fertilizer granules.

If you want your granulator to have a better performance, there are a few materials you need to add to ensure that the materials inside maintain the humidity and are in uniformity with the rotary drum. These include vapor, nitrogen solution, phosphoric acid, ammonia gas, calcium slurry, or phosphorous ammonia slurry. With these materials, there should be chemical and heating reactions taking place in the tube. Lastly, the finished fertilizer pellets can range from 3mm to 4mm.

Some Benefits of Using a Rotary Drum Granulator for Large-scale Production

– Due to the high-quality liner, the machine has a long service life.
– It has high granulation rate of up to 70%. What’s more, the small pellets are fewer and even if there could be unqualified pellets, granulating them again is an option.
– Low moisture content and improved drying efficiency
– Has many applications with a huge variety of raw materials
– Allows production of different fertilizers such as nitrogen compound fertilizer, organic-inorganic fertilizer, special fertilizers, etc.

Where To Find A Rapid Composting Machine Manufacturer?

Making organic fertilizer can be a great idea for a lucrative business. However, you need to rely on a solid business plan and on top-notch equipment to turn manure and other organic waste into compost. This article shows you some of the best places to look for a rapid composting machine manufacturer.

rapid compost turner
rapid compost turner

To start with, you can use your favorite search engine to find a few suppliers of rapid composting equipment and other such equipment. The good thing about searching online is that you’ll find sellers from all over the world. There’s nothing wrong with buying your machine from other country, as long as you carefully check the work background, the experience and the market reputation of the seller.

The best thing to do is to search directly for manufacturers rather than resellers of rapid compost making machines . When you purchase your equipment directly from a manufacturer, you can benefit from better deals and faster customer service. These are only a few reasons for you to try to avoid the middleman when it comes to such purchases. Anyway, you’ll surely find enough manufacturers online to make a side by side comparison. While you are at it, remember to check out the sponsored results and the local businesses that show up among your regular, organic search results. These listings belong to local suppliers of the type of equipment you need, so they may deserve a place on your shortlist.

If you don’t mind buying your composting machine from China, you can search directly within Alibaba, the biggest global trading directory that connects China businesses with a whole world of potential customers like you. By using business and trading directories to find your machine, you’ll have the opportunity to check out first hand what their other clients have to say about their reliability and about the quality of their equipment. All you need to do is to take a look at the client ratings and reviews and to select only companies that have a big number of positive reviews and high rating scores.

Once you have at least three or four options on your shortlist, contact all these businesses to ask for a price quote. Before doing this, though, you should make up your mind in regard to the main technical specifications and features you’d like your machine to have. This will help your potential suppliers prepare accurate quotes. It will also help you make a valid comparison and pick the compost machine manufacturer that offers you the best deal. It’s worth mentioning here that you shouldn’t go for the cheapest machine, but rather to choose the lest expensive of the best machines out there. If you need to save money, you can do it by choosing the right equipment and by negotiation your price, rather than by compromising on quality or on post-sales services and assistance.

After you get all your quotes, compare them side by side and choose the one that best suits you. You’ll be only one step away from turning manure into money.

The Poultry Composting Machine

Poultry farms tend to have a significant amount of waste being generated on a daily basis. However, with a poultry composting machine you’re going to be able to turn your poultry waste into a profit. And all of this can be done in as little as a week. Our article features the poultry composting machine as well as the various benefits that it provides for investors.

When poultry waste is composted, your end product is free from foul odors, harmful pathogens and it is extremely clean. And you’ll be able to use it is an additive for your plants. During the process, all that is really needed is a suitable yet sufficient amount of dry carbon. These can include sawdust, straw and various other carbon sources.

The leading manufacturer has created an insulating poultry composter which creates the perfect environment for breaking down the organic matter used. And it even ensures that the insulation retains enough heat. Heat is one of the most important factors that is required for the composting process to be a complete success. And it even speeds up the entire process resulting in a more efficient turnover.

In addition, as the drum is turned, the material beings to experience a flow of air. Aeration is also important for the composting process since it ensure that the temperature goes to the optimum temperature in no time. Hence, the various aerobic microbes are in the perfect environment.

When you actually turn your poultry composting machine, it goes on to mix the carbon source and all of the materials are composted during the process. This goes on to ensure that there are also no spots that are left cold. Hence the process goes smoothly. In addition, the overall process and fertilizer machine creates a series of benefits for anyone who invests in it.

Money is a huge factor within any industry and a significant amount of money is saved during this process. This is due to the fact that you’ll be saving on labor cost, as well as fuel since you don’t need any for the process to get started. And the poultry composting machines also come with a guaranteed long service life due to the way that they were constructed.

Composting your poultry waste even improves your overall biosecurity. When you compost your materials, you reduce the number of rodents, wild birds and even scavengers that come looking for something to eat. And you’ll also be able to finally not have to worry about the neighbors dog that comes because of the wide array of scents.

You’ll also save yourself on the vehicular traffic that can occur as a result of service vehicles coming to collect waste products. Disease causing pathogens are also going to be destroyed and you’ll also be able to dispose of things pretty quickly. In addition, the overall quality of the environment is also improved.

Improving the environment is one of the greatest things that you could have done. And all of this is due to the fact that fuel isn’t burned and there’s a chance that you won’t really need to light fires too often to deal with organic waste. Additionally, disposing of these materials require the least energy.

As we conclude, we have just looked at the poultry composting machine. And we have also looked at the main benefits that come from it. However, it’s best to keep in mind that you shouldn’t handle any type of waste without a pair of gloves.

Producing Your Own Compost Will Give You Good Organic Fertilizer

Compost can be of use to gardeners whether they live in an apartment or have large yards where they can indulge in their hobby. Manure compost equipment acts as a natural fertilizer and helps to avoid the use of chemicals, thus making your produce organic and healthy.

To produce compost all you require is a bin or area to make the compost and a little bit of knowledge on how to make compost. Bins are not necessary, but help to keep the compost pile confined and covered and reduce muck and odor. If you are composting in the garden choose a spot that has grass and soil and has some sun. Bins can be of various sizes and you can even use a bucket for the compost.

Compost by fertilizer machine is produced through the use of organic material and mainly requires the use of green and brown material. Greens are wet will give the compost its needed nitrogen, while the browns are dry and will provide it with carbon. Greens can be scraps from vegetables and fruits, tea leaves, coffee grounds, garden waste, weeds that have no seeds, and even freshly mown grass. Browns can come from dry leaves, sawdust, hay, wood chips, dried grass and weeds and paper that has been shredded. Meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, pet waste, plastic, and synthetic material must never go into a compost pile. You can compost eggshells, rice, pasta, bread, hair, wool, and cotton, but these along with the “do not compost” list are better sent to food waste digesters.

Your compost pile in a bin or pit must be started with a generous layer of browns at the bottom. You then need to alternate layers of greens and browns and see if you can use browns in quantities that are two to three times that of the greens. All material that goes into the compost pile must be as small as possible as it then breaks down faster. Larger material and that made of wood can take a long time to form the compost. Store up all the leaves that fall in your yard during autumn and use them for the browns that are required in greater quantities. Shredded  by fertilizer crusher newspaper, straw or sawdust can always help you to make up the required quantities. Soil can be added at any time and can help to introduce the organisms that are part of it, and which can help to accelerate the composting process. Always having a layer of soil on top can reduce  odors and pests.

Compost can be affected by water and air, but this need not concern you if you are not in a hurry for the compost. Just keep on adding to the pile at regular intervals and in the right proportions. Compost piles have live micro-organisms and in a healthy pile, they will increase and produce heat. These organisms also need water which can be added, if the greens are not adding sufficient moisture. The compost pile is moist enough if it feels damp to the hand and does not drip when squeezed. Stir and turn the pile every few days to give it the needed aeration. Mature compost may take up to six months to form, will be dark brown and smell like earth. Have several bins or pits so that your composting can be a continuous activity.

The Working Principle Of Cow Manure Fertilizer Pellet Machine

Do you know what a cow poop fertilizer pellet machine is? It is the best equipment you can use to turn the dung of your cows into fertilizer to use on your crops or to sell for a profit. If you know what this machine is but you want to understand its working principle, you’ve come to the right place. This article explains in layman’s terms how the cow manure fertilizer pellet machine works.

Tongda organic fertilizer pelletizer machine
Tongda organic fertilizer pelletizer machine

This equipment turns cow manure into granular , and then it mixes and granulates it in order to shape it into pellets. Most models of such equipment use discs to granulate the manure to turn it into fertilizer pellets. Such disc granulators can process smaller volumes of cow manure, being therefore a great investment for small cattle farms or countryside households. When you search for the right equipment for your farm, you should make sure you already know what volume of raw matter you can expect to process on a daily basis. This will help you pick the right machine for you.

When it comes to the working principle of these machines, you need to know that you can have a cow dung pellet mill that uses something between dry and wet granulation. This process is better known as semi-dry pellet making. Everything starts with the flattening of the material just above the opening die. Then, the rolling rollers press the material and force it through the opening. This is very similar to the extrusion process widely used across many industries. The extruded strip is then cut by a scraper. It can also break by itself, under its own weight . The result is a load of cylindrical particles with variable diameter. This process secures a granulation rate of minimum 95 percent, which is as good as you can get. When you use a pellet mill, the moisture content of the material can be higher than in case of using other methods.

The machine uses a screw to regulate the pressure and an adjustable mold gap. This makes it extremely versatile and the perfect solution to process all types of manure. Of course, the cow manure has to undergo a composting process in order to serve as raw matter for making fertilizer pellets. This means that you may need auxiliary equipment and devices to be able to turn the dung of your cows into organic fertilizer for your plants. Should you need to know more about setting up such a processing plant, you can always ask some equipment manufacturers to guidance and advice. They will help you understand the process in its smallest details, in order to make the right purchasing decision for your farm or small business.

Once you are clear about the working principle of such machines, you’ll be able to design a highly efficient production facility that can help you earn a nice living while also helping your neighbors fertilize their crops with safe, effective, natural, organic matter that doesn’t contribute to the pollution of our environment.

Using Windrow Composting Equipment As Your Main Machine For Composting

Organic waste is created at all times in our everyday life. There is a wide variety of organic waste such as poultry and livestock manure, human manure, municipal waste, food waste from the kitchen, straw from farmland, and so on. Organic waste covers extensive pieces of land leading to pollution. Since it consists of many unexploited nutritional components, however, it can be applied as raw materials for your organic fertilizer. In turn, this will benefit the agricultural products. For this reason, windrow composting equipment would be useful in converting organic waste into useful organic fertilizer.

Windrow composting method is one among several methods that you can produce organic fertilizer from breaking down organic waste. For this composting method, you will require to pile organic waste such that they form long rows. One other necessary thing to keep in mind is to keep turning the organic waste frequently; this will reduce the composting period and enhance the quality of compost.


Why Do You Need a Windrow Composting Equipment to Turn Compost Pile?

As the fermentation process progresses, the temperature will rise and fall at irregular intervals. Therefore, you will require to turn that compost pile to adjust the temperature and increase oxygen content. What’s more, the fermentation level of manure might be different in various sections of the compost pile, and there might also be lumped materials present. You, therefore, require to turn the materials thoroughly.

Additionally, this piece of equipment can also blend these materials to reduce the temperature and reduce oxygen content. With those reasons, if you have many compost piles to work on or you want better fermentation of organic waste, this machine can be an ideal choice to turn them.

What Types of Windrow Composting Equipment are There?

There are two popular types of windrow composting machine  : crawler type windrow compost turner and moving type windrow compost turner.

– Crawler type

The main components include engine, cab, rubber track chassis, rotor, and hydraulic push plates. During the process, the entire machine stretches across the particular windrow compost pile. The blades attached to the rotor will then thoroughly blend and crush the available organic waste; this will allow the materials to receive oxygen fully. Those sharp blades have efficient working capability and, therefore, have long service life.

– Moving type

This windrow compost turner is also known as self-propelled or self-moving compost turning machine. Unlike the former, a moving type turner consists of four wheels. In the process, the entire equipment spans the particular windrow compost. The knife shaft located under the frame of the equipment usually turns, loosens, and pushes the available organic waste. The compost pile will produce new windrow compost in the back of the turning machine.

Even though both of these two kinds of compost turning machines https://organicfertilizerproductionline.com/windrow-composting-equipment/ are classified as windrow turner machines, they actually have varying features. Before making a purchase, it is prudent to double-check on the features first so that you can choose what would be most suitable for your specific requirements.

How to make compost from cow dung?

Cow dung or cattle manure is used in many rural areas as fertilizer for agricultural produce. It is a fertilizer that is not very rich in nitrogen, and the high ammonia levels in it can burn plants when the manure is fresh when it is applied. If the same manure is composted, it can be the sort of fertilizer that is beneficial to plants.

Most cattle manure is made up of grain and digested grass. It is rich in nutrients and has a high content of organic materials. Looking at its percentage of vital elements, it has 3 percent of nitrogen, 2 percent of phosphorus, and just a percent of potassium. Besides this, it contains several potentially dangerous pathogens as well as high levels of ammonia. That is the main reason why you should compost the fresh cattle manure before it can be used as fertilizer.

Cow dung fertilizer composting
Cow dung fertilizer composting

When you compost cow manure you can eliminate the ammonia from it and also help to remove ammonia gas that can be harmful and weeds and seeds that are part of this manure, as well as any dangerous pathogens like E.coli. The high content of organic matter that cow manure has, is added to the soil and can help in greatly improving its capacity to hold and retain moisture. This, in turn, helps to reduce the quantity of water that plants fertilized with this composted cow manure will need. It also helps in improving the aeration in the soil, and break up soil that has been compacted. Composted cow manure will have beneficial bacteria, that convert easily into nutrients that are easily accessed and release gradually, so that plant roots that are tender do not get burnt. Thus, for your high quality organic cow dung ferilizer manufacturing, composting cow dung is essential.

To compost cow dung a location where you can build a pile that is at least 3 to 4 feet high, must be chosen. A three-inch layer of dry organic material must first be spread in the chosen area. This must be covered with a 2-inch layer of cow manure. This layering must be continued until the pile is about four feet in height. The pile must be watered and kept damp as you build it up and when the desired height is reached it should be covered with a layer of soil.

Cow dung windrow composting
Cow dung windrow composting

The pile created must be turned over once every three days and its moistness maintained, without making the mass soggy. When you are turning over the pile, check its temperature at its center. It will be between 120 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. The compost heap will gradually turn brown and will have an earthy smell. At this stage, there will be no heat produced at its center, and this means the compost is ready to be used. With a cow dung compost fertilizer making machine, you can turn them easily.

If the compost pile does not heat up, it means it has less of manure and this needs to be added. Too much manure will make your pile give up an unpleasant and strong odor. Add more of organic material. For more information about the cow dung compost making, click here (https://manurefertilizermachine.com/composting-cattle-manure/).

It can always help to create compost in a bin as it will help to contain the compost. Make sure that your compost pile is no more heating up before you use it on your plants.

Discover Some Of The Most Important Equipment In The Production OF NPK Fertilizer

Farmers have found that chemical fertilizer is harmful to their land. This has caused NPK fertilizer to become very popular. This fact makes having a production line for making NPK fertilizer required. To do this requires certain equipment. Here we’ll take a look at some of the most important equipment in the production of NPK fertilizer.

The Horizontal Mixer

This equipment has two rotors. This produces a compound motion that the machine carries out. When material is put into the machine it is rotated counter-clockwise and it does this along the inner wall. The machine causes the material put in it to turn around and creates a weightless zone. This means that while the material is being worked by the machine that regardless of its size, shape, or density it will be floating and weightless. This allows the material to form a continuous loop that’s omnidirectional.

The machine produces a result that allows it to soft mix everything in a uniform manner. This is one of the main steps to producing the fertilizer. Pellets are used in the machine and afterward, they will be stored in a hopper. After they are removed from the hopper they will then be packaged.

Machines For Granulating

The npk fertilizer granulator is part of this setup line along with an automatic batching machine, a fertilizer mixer, the granulator, a screening machine, and a fertilizer dryer. You will also need to have a fertilizer cooling machine, coating equipment, and a packing scale. The granulator is one of the main pieces of equipment in a production line of this type of fertilizer. There are three different types that can be chosen from. There is a double roller and then there is a pan granulator. There’s also a rotary drum machine.

Machines For Blending

When it’s time to batch there is a batching machine that works automatically. Then there is a mixer for the fertilizer. When the fertilizer is ready it will be stored temporarily in a hopper. There will be a need to have a machine that packs it once it’s ready to be removed from the hopper. In the production of NPK fertilizer, it will likely also be necessary to have a conveyor as part of the production line.

How Much Would A Fertilizer Plant Cost?

Because there are so many variables there’s no real way to answer this question. The main thing in determining this is to consider three aspects. If you’re going to rent a factory or if you have a building and land to operate it on. You’ll need to consider the salary that you’ll pay to the factory workers. Finally will be the cost of all the equipment needed to operate the facility.

Many people feel that this is the fertilizer of the future. More farmers are wanting to start using NPK fertilizer. It is believed to be better for the land. For that reason, it may make sense under the right circumstances to set up a npk fertilizer production line or full factory. It will all depend on what the circumstances are and what the ultimate goals are.

Ideas Farmers Can Use To Turn Manure Into Profits

Ideas Farmers Can Use To Turn Manure Into Profits


People and animals have to poop. Farm animals often do it quite a lot. A single dairy cow that is lactating can produce well over a hundred pounds of manure every day. A dozen chickens can produce a couple of pounds of poop each day. This means it is something that a farmer needs to keep up on. The management of animal waste could cost the farmer or they could learn to earn from it. Here we’ll take a look at some ideas on how to turn manure into profits.

Farmers Are Required By Law To Manage Manure

Although each state is a little bit different, they all have laws in place that require the effective management of manure production on a farm. The cut-offs will vary from one state to another but they do all have some requirements in place. The farmer will usually need to estimate how much manure his farm will produce. He will then need to report how he aims to store that manure.

The good news is that even if the farmer produces just slightly under the amount then he has fewer requirements. In fact, some states won’t even require him to file. There are a number of small farmers and hobbyists that don’t really understand their legal requirements with manure. One of the best ways to remedy this issue is by understanding how to turn manure from a problem into profit.

Sharing The Manure

Sometimes money saved is money earned. When it comes to handling manure it’s often as beneficial for a farmer to have a way to save on the cost of its management as it is to find ways to actually profit from it. That is why some areas have a manure sharing organization. Through the organization, farmers can provide a certain amount of the manner to the organization which then gives it to gardeners and others that can benefit from the manure. This is a great example of community members working together to solve problems and help each other.

Monetizing Your Manure

Farmers have to use their ingenuity in order to find ways to profit in their profession. This has led the way to many farmers learning ways to take manure and turn it into a product that can be shipped all over. This allows them to actually make a profit on their manure. Beef cattle and poultry produce manure that is drier than hogs and dairy cows do.

This allows the farmer to take the manure and turn it into sterilized pellets used for fertilizing. This removes any type of potential pathogens that might otherwise contaminate produce. Some farmers who are using this method have increased their annual income by tens of thousands of dollars. For an average farmer that is not an insignificant amount. It saves them on what would otherwise be a cost and turns it into a profit. They’re able to monetize their manure. Some Farmers even go so far as to brand their fertilizer so that it becomes a recognized name.

Manure Making Machines: Low-investment Organic Fertilizer Production

With the best manure making machines, you can convert animal waste into profitable organic fertilizer. What’s more, it’s possible to find high-quality machines at relatively low prices. This means you can start a low investment organic fertilizer production business and begin making a profit in a short space of time. The payback period on many machines is less than 12 months. The types of animal waste you can use to manufacture organic fertilizer includes chicken waste, cow dung, horse manure and more.

Detailed organic fertilizer pellets production line
Detailed organic fertilizer pellets proDetailed organic feruction line

Working Processes

Organic fertilizers are manufactured using a fermentation process. Fermentation is important because unfermented manure contains toxins which can harm soil, crops and water supplies. The main processes involved in organic fertilizer production are fermentation, crushing and mixing.

Commercial Organic Manure Granules

To produce high-grade organic manure granules, you need to invest in the latest manure fertilizer granulator. Such a device is used for turning powered fertilizer into granules. In order to produce pellets, manure granulation machines employ wet granulation technology. Pelletizing is suitable for composted powdery manure material with a moisture content ranging from 25% to 35%.

Pan granulator for making

When comparing different granulating machines, you need to take note of the technical specification datasheets. You also need to decide whether you want a small scale granulator with an hourly output rate of 1 ton of organic fertilizer granules, or a large scale animal waste pelletizer with an hourly output rate exceeding 20 tons. Your production requirements will depend on the scale and nature of your business. Are you looking to sell organic fertilizer organic pellets in the marketplace or do you just need high-quality fertilizer for your own horticultural enterprise?

Animal Waste Sources For Organic Fertilizer Making

You can buy chicken manure pelletizer, poultry manure pelletizers, and cow manure pellet machines. Here are some of the most commonly used sources of manure for fertilizer making:

Cow Dung: Cow dung has a high carbon content, making it great for improving soil quality. It’s low nitrogen content and high water content mean it is best to mix it with goat manure or horse manure to produce high-grade organic fertilizer. It would be advisable to invest in a cow dung drying machine if you plan to use cattle waste as your main raw material source.

A self-propelled compost turner for poultry manure composting
A self-propelled compost turner for poultry manure composting

Chicken Waste: Poultry manure is rich in nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus – all key minerals plants need for optimum growth. The main issue with using chicken waste for organic fertilizer production is that it is rare to find it is sufficiently large quantities for commercial manufacturing purposes. Furthermore, fermentation is essential for the elimination of germs.

Pig Waste: Pig waste is a great soil fertilizer as it is humus-rich.

Horse Waste: Horse manure has a low water content, so it is perfect for making organic fertilizer pellets. It can be fermented quickly and is rich in fiber.

There are many other sources of animal waste for organic fertilizer production. If you are not sure whether the source you have access to is suitable for organic fertilizer manufacturing, be sure to contact the customer service team from a top-rated manure making machine supplier.

Bill Nye the Science Guy speaks at Kent State University’s Stark Campus

For some kids, science can sometimes seem excruciating, but many children who grew up in the 1990s know of one man who always made it fun – Bill Nye, “The Science Guy.”

Wearing his signature bowtie, Nye spoke last week at Kent State University’s Stark Campus to more than 600 students and community members. The author and comedian is most famous for his hit television show, “Bill Nye the Science Guy,” which aired from 1993-1998. Although his presentation contained many jokes, it also came with a serious message – reversing climate change.

“We are living through the very beginning of what most scientists predicted would happen as the world gets going,” he said. “Here’s what I want you guys to do – I want you to change it back.”

During the presentation, Nye spoke about his childhood and his unusual love of sundials, which he attributes to his father. He also described his involvement in the NASA project that sent two sundials to Mars.

While he explained science concepts to the audience, he used comedy to keep everyone enthralled. When Nye compared the surface of Venus to the game Lava, where children pretend they can’t touch the floor because it’s made of Lava, he climbed onto his podium to mimic the game.

“If you go to Venus, I encourage you to be very careful,” Nye joked.

Nye hosted a video conference to area schools before his presentation. Five schools participated by asking questions, while 21 other schools were view-only sites. Cynthia Williams, public relations coordinator for Kent State Stark, said it was the largest response they have seen for video conferences with Stark’s Featured Speaker Series.

“He’s creating younger generations of scientists every time he talks,” Williams said.

Although Nye’s show has been off the air for more than a decade, Brian Baldwin, an 8th grade science teacher at West Branch Middle School, said he still shows episodes of the program to his students. Baldwin said Nye has been an inspiration to him.

“He presents [science] in a fun but practical way,” Baldwin said. “He’s able to explain it to them in a way they can understand.”

When discussing climate change, Nye listed several ways individuals could help to reverse the trend. He showed photos of his own home, where he uses solar panels to provide heat and sun domes to provide natural light.

Jackson High School Senior Cheyenne Fenstemaker said she found his speech motivational.

“It was inspirational hearing about the way Bill lives his everyday life,” Fenstemaker said. “It shows you that all of us can do it.”

Near the end of his presentation, Nye emphasized the importance of education, and he said he hopes everyone experiences the joy of discovery that can be found in science.

“You could have the joy of knowing like no other generation before you,” said Nye.

“It’s possible that someone in this room will have an idea that will – dare I say it – change the world.”

From 9/11 to bin Laden’s death

Editor’s Note: BRsq, after the coverage had slightly calmed down, wanted to know from high school students and those in high school during 9/11 what Osama bin Laden’s death meant to them.

For many, Osama bin Laden represented the fear America lived in for almost ten years following the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. When he was killed on May 2, 2011, Americans breathed a simple sigh of relief and some took to the streets in celebration.

Some were outraged that America was celebrating the terrorist’s death. Others demanded to see proof while U.S. forces buried his body at sea.

After years of investigating the whereabouts of bin Laden, officials pinpointed his location to a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. President Barack Obama launched an attack on the location.

“A small team of Americans carried out the operation with extraordinary courage and capability,” Obama said when he addressed Americans May 2. “After a firefight, they killed Osama bin Laden and took custody of his body.”

Jason Wicker, 25, a junior at McKinley Senior High School during 9/11, said Osama’s capture would have meant more to him nine years ago. America will be be more cautious when the tenth anniversary of 9/11 comes this year though, he said.

Wicker said groups that supported bin Laden may be empowered by the way the Al Qaeda leader was killed.

“I think a lot of people are going to label him as a martyr because he wanted to die in gunfire,” he said. “Now that we gave him that opportunity rather than bringing him to justice, it’s going to be symbolic to a lot of the people we’re fighting against.”

He said Americans’ celebrations for bin Laden’s murder is hypocritical.
“That’s doing the exact same thing you’re labeling them as doing,” he said.

Derek Gordon, 26, also a junior at McKinley during the 9/11 attacks, said American celebration is warranted, but people should be careful about drawing it out so they do not agitate terrorist groups further.

“I think we have to be proud of what we’ve accomplished but try not overdo it in the media or our own celebrations,” he said. “I think that’s part of the thing the rest of the world doesn’t like about Americans is when we flaunt our success in other peoples’ faces.”

Like many other Americans, Gordon thought 9/11 was an accident when the first plane hit the North Tower, but he soon found out how serious the situation was when the three crashes followed.

“It was just a day of really not knowing what was going on and what was happening next because at that point we didn’t even know who it was that was attacking us or what the motives were,” he said.

He said Americans discovered they were not untouchable and to be careful about dealing with world cultures.

“I don’t think we truly grasped as Americans how much other places in the world resented us,” he said. “Now we’re much more sensitive to the rest of the world’s problems.”

Current high school students were in elementary school during the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Many did not know of the dramatic events until they got home to their families, watching the footage run constantly on the television for weeks.

Hoover High School senior Alexa Costi, 19, was diligently studying for a psychology exam the next day when her father told her the president was going to make an announcement about bin Laden’s death.

“I wasn’t shocked,” she said. “It didn’t mean that much to me considering I thought he was dead for years.”

She said she remembers the Sept. 11 attacks vividly, but she was appalled at the crowds celebrating bin Laden’s death.

“Murder is murder no matter who the person is,” she said. “Two wrongs don’t make a right.”

Bin Laden was the founder of the terrorist organization Al Qaeda. Nineteen terrorists from the organization hijacked four passenger airplanes on Sept. 11., intentionally crashing them into both buildings of the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. One hijacked plane went down in a field in Pennsylvania. The attacks killed nearly 3,000 people.

Sophomore at McKinley Jonah Long, 15, said bin Laden’s death didn’t bother him.

“I believe it was right to kill him,” he said. “He deserved it.”

McKinley sophomore Alondra Kimbrough, 15, also said bin Laden’s death doesn’t affect her, but, overall, it’s good for the U.S..

“I feel like him being dead is almost a relief,” she said. “We won’t have to have our troops looking for him in Afghanistan.”

Others are more concerned about the lack of evidence.

McKinley junior Devonte Taylor, 17, said he needs evidence bin Laden is gone.

“I feel that he isn’t dead,” he said. “We haven’t seen the body yet.”

Obama refused to release images of bin Laden’s body, saying they were too graphic and could heighten tensions with the Middle East.

Al Qaeda publicly acknowledged that bin Laden is dead on the group’s websites. Pakistani newspapers reported they named Saif al-Adel, an Egyptian soldier, their temporary leader this week. Along with acknowledging bin Laden’s death, the terrorists vowed to revenge it by continuing attacks on America.

Maranda Shrewsberry and Sage Bruckner contributed to this story.

Cleveland International Film Festival runs until April 1

The 36th annual Cleveland International Film Festival will continue at Tower City Cinemas until April 1. The festival began last Thursday, March 22. It is showcasing 165 feature films and 156 short films from about 60 countries around the world. It’s a record number of films for the festival.

“This year we will feature nine filmmakers from the African Diaspora shining a well-deserved spotlight on under-represented filmmakers,” said Bill Guentzler, artistic director for the festival.

Last year, the festival has more than 78,000 admissions.

Tickets are $10 for members and $12 for non-members. Visit www.clevelandfilm.org or call 877-304-3456 to place an order.

Walking Dead finale gives fuel for next season

WARNING: THIS REVIEW CONTAINS MANY SPOILERS. DO NOT READ IF YOU HAVE NOT WATCHED THE SEASON TWO FINALE, “BESIDE THE DYING FIRE.” OF AMC’S “THE WALKING DEAD.”

Say what you will about the writers of “The Walking Dead” – but they know how to end a season.

Fans who have complained about this season containing too much discussion and too few zombies should leave the season finale, “Beside the Dying Fire,” with their lust for blood – zombie blood that is – satisfied. The complaint of all talk and no action has been justified by much of the season taking place on a farm. But it’s clear that season three will have an abrupt location change.

The finale opened where the previous week’s episode had left off. Rick (Andrew Lincoln) had just killed Shane (John Bernthal), who reappeared as a zombie, despite not having been bitten by one. Carl shot zombie-Shane in the head, and the noise of the gun sent a hoard of walkers headed toward the farm. Nearly half of the episode is a fast-paced shoot-out, while the group struggles to defend the farm from being overrun and to save themselves.

By the end of the episode, viewers were likely breathing a sigh of relief. Finally, the original show they fell in love with is back. The first season of “The Walking Dead” had the right combination of dialogue, tension and action. But the second season threw the scales off balance. Far too many episodes were devoted to a search for a minor character that they stood no chance of finding alive, and the Lori-Rick-Shane love triangle dragged on before it fizzled, rather than erupting into the heated argument it deserved.

This episode marks a significant shift in Rick’s character. For two seasons, Rick has tried to lead the group of survivors without having to make tough decisions alone or falling out of favor with the group. His ineffectiveness has been frustrating for the audience to watch. But near the end of the finale, Rick declares, “This is not a democracy anymore.” He demonstrates that he’s capable of being the type of leader that he should have been from the start.

If viewers didn’t already hate Lori (Sarah Wayne Callies), this episode didn’t do much to change their minds. Her inconsistent and often erratic behavior continued, as she learned of the news of Shane’s death. It’s either fearless and brilliant writing or a misguided attempt at cleverness that will eventually fall flat.

While season two marks the death of a few major characters, season three will be the start for at least two new ones. Readers of the comics will recognize the character of Michonne, who is introduced at the end of the episode, although they only catch a glimpse of her.

With this final episode, the writers of the show have once again regained the attention of their audience. But they’ll have to continue with the fast-paced nature of this episode if they want to keep them in the third season.